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General McArthur leaves

McArthur goes to Australia

by Bill In Oz

McArthur in his public communiques from Corregidor in January/February 1942 announced that he would stay at Corregidor in the Philippines and share the fate of his troops. But in late February Roosevelt ordered him to leave and go to Australia. In March 1942, he was instructed to […]

General McArthur’s debacle

McArthur’s Role in the Philippines Debacle in 1942-3 by Bill in Oz

In 1934 Quezon president elect of the new Commonwealth of the Philippines in Washington, asked Douglas McArthur if the islands could be defended after independence. MacArthur replied “I don’t think so, I know they can defend themselves.” Quezon was reassured and asked McArthur […]

Philippine History Part III – Nation. Section 3 – Post-Marcos Period

1986-1992: Cory Aquino

After having been brought into power by the People Power Revolution in February 1986, President Corazon Aquino quickly had the 1987 Constitution drafted, which provided for a renewed Presidential system and a bicameral legislature, reviving the Congress and the Senate. It also provided for autonomy for Muslim Mindanao and the Cordilleras. She […]

Philippine History Part III – Nation. Section 2 – Marcos Period

Pre-Martial Law

President Ferdinand E. Marcos and his wife Imelda were in their early days seen as the JFK and Jackie Kennedy of the Philippines. Voted President in 1965, Marcos started with infrastructure programs which heavily involved the army – a prelude of what was to come. The first Filipino dictator Emilio Aguinaldo had died […]

Philippine History Part III – Nation. Section 1 – The Republic

Roxas and Quirino

President Manuel Roxas

Manuel Roxas, the last president of the Philippine Commonwealth, became the first President of the Republic of the Philippines on the 4th of July 1946. In agreeing with the Bell Trade Act, Roxas had given United States preferential terms in trade and the same access to natural resources as […]

Philippine History Part II – State. Section 3 – Philippine Commonwealth

Quezon and McArthur

Based on the Tydings-McDuffie Act and the resulting Constitutional Convention in 1934, the Philippine Commonwealth and the 1935 Constitution were created. Presidential elections were held and won by Manuel L. Quezon (Nacionalista Party), with Emilio Aguinaldo (National Socialist Party) and Gregorio Aglipay (Republican Party) behind them. The National Defense Act was passed, […]

Philippine History Part II – State. Section 2 – Enter America

General Antonio Luna

The Philippine-American War started in 1898 due to provocations in Manila. It started as a conventional war, with Antonio Luna as its most successful military leader, one whom American generals called “the ablest and most aggressive leader of the Filipino Republic” and “the only general the Filipino army had”. Had, because he […]

Philippine History Part II – State. Section 1 – Founding Fathers

PHILIPPINE HISTORY SERIES

Main Article: Quo Vadis Philippines?

Next Article: Philippine History Part II – State. Section 2 – Enter America

Previous Article: Philippine History Part I – Territory

The early 19th century brought the end of the Galleon Trade and direct rule from Spain. But even before that, the Galleon Trade started to become […]

Philippine History Part I – Territory

PHILIPPINE HISTORY SERIES

Main Article: Quo Vadis Philippines?

Next Article: Philippine History Part II – State. Section 1 – Founding Fathers

Modern scientific tools such as geology, plate tectonics, archaeology, linguistics and genetics are increasing our understanding of Philippine early history. Many old theories – some of which are still taught in Philippine schools – […]

Quo vadis Philippines?

To know where the Philippines is going, it is important to know how it came to be. How the islands that became the Philippines were settled is a subject of numerous theories. The earliest documented trace of a civilization is the Laguna copperplate, dated to 900 A.D. and mentioning Tondo for the first time. Tondo […]

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