Categories

December 2017
M T W T F S S
« Nov    
 123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
25262728293031

Seguridad ni Duterte

PNP training by Bavarian State police (source: Hanns-Seidel foundation)

Maraming humahanga kay Rodrigo Duterte. Sa totoo lang, marami talaga siyang nagawa sa Davao, hindi mapagkakaila ito. Pero maraming gustong siya ang maging Presidente, para lumaki raw ang seguridad sa Pilipinas. Maraming krimen ngayon sa Pilipinas, maraming takot, at maraming sawang-sawa na. Pero siya ba ang solusyon? Tignan natin ng mabuti.

Mga nagawa na ng gobyerno

Tignan muna natin ang nagawa na ng gobyerno. Matagal ng tinutulungan ang Pilipinas ng Hanns-Seidel Stiftung sa München para repormahin ang pulis at hustisya. Ang Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung, Pundasyon ng partidong CSU (Christian Social Union) na konserbatibong partido sa Malayang Estado ng Bavaria, isang federal state ng Alemanya.

Hindi lang konserbatibo kundi kanan, kinikilala pagdating sa law and order. Ang mga tulong nila sa Pilipinas na mababasa sa brochure na ito: http://www.hss.de/fileadmin/suedostasien/philippines/downloads/2014/HSF-Philippinen-EN__Oct_2014_.pdf at balita rito: http://www.hss.de/southeastasia/en/philippines/news-events.html.

Naniniwala ako rito dahil dito ako sa Bavaria nakatira, sa München, mula noong 1996. Walang bolahan dito. Mahigpit ang pulis, marunong ang hustisya. Kahit gabi makakalakad akong pauwi na walang takot, kahit babaeng mag-isa rito puwedeng gawin ito. Ano ang itinulong?

  1. Sa paggawa ng bagong Codigo Criminal ng DOJ. Natapos ito noong 2014, at narinig ko na baka ipass ito by 2016. Kapag mas simple ang batas, wala nang lusutan.
  2. Ang PNP, binibigyan ng mas modernong training sa tulong ng Bavarian State Police since 2008. Merong follow-up ito ng mga Aleman mismo, hindi lang ito pakitang-tao.
  3. Binibigyan ng human rights training ang PNP para mas magtiwala sa kanila ang taongbayan. Dito rin ay may follow-up ang mga Aleman since 2008, hindi nagpapabola.

Hindi biro ang Bavarian State Police. Kinikilalang pulis sa Alemanya at sa mundo. Pulis noong panahon pa ng Nazi, kaya natuto rin sila sa human rights after the war, ngayon sila ang mga teacher.

Ang München parang Davao ng Alemanya. Sa Berlin magulo minsan at maraming krimen. Dito sa Munich hindi. Kaya kung sila ang nagtuturo sa PNP, bilib ako. Pero hindi overnight results iyan.

Totoo ba ang lahat tungkol kay Duterte?

Hetong posting ang nagbibigay sa akin ng duda: Duterte is a legend in his own mind! tignan natin ang iilang nilalaman:

Every Davao City resident follows the law and city ordinances to the letter.

Parekoy: ‘Every’ is an exaggeration! My friends (Fil-Chinese) who are close to Duterte keep on violating the city ordinances and even the speed limit and they get away with it dahil malakas sila kay Duterte. Also Davao City has criminals and the record shows that they exist but less compared to other cities.

It is the only city in the country (and perhaps in the world) where criminals fear to tread.

Parekoy: Petty criminals are not welcome for sure but the heavyweights, like the Ampatuans, even have residences there and enjoys the protection of Duterte. NPA commanders even have safe houses there that and the Military can’t touch them for they don’t want Duterte to be offended.

All drivers in the city observe the speed limit of 60 kilometers per hour on the highway and 40 kph in the city proper.

Parekoy: All drivers? Nope. I visited Davao City and my friend who is a friend of Duterte drove faster than 60kph and even saluted by the traffic officer!

An owner of a nationwide retail store chain told me how his application for a business permit breezed through the process without paying a single centavo in bribes to City Hall. That’s the reason many businesses are scrambling to set up their main office in Davao City.

Parekoy: Robredo did it in Naga City for that is what our LGUs are mandated to do but seldom followed. I will give a thumbs-up to Duterte on this regard.

He is also on the prowl for criminals he wants to catch in the act.

Parekoy: Propaganda. Digong is a coward. He makes sure that the petty criminal is caught firs by his goons then his goon calls him and for media mileage he shows how tough he is kuno by slapping the petty criminal when the tipped media is present. Sarah Duterte learned from her father in abusing people in front of the public for they know that the poor guy can’t fight back who is scared shitless surrounded by Digog’s death squad.

His sterling leadership in Davao City will be replicated in the entire country—if he is elected President.

Rody duterteParekoy: Replicated? More death squads to eradicate petty criminals but coddle bigtime drug lords, smuggling lords, plunderers, oligopolists, etc…

Posting lang ito, pero mukhang may inside sources ang nagpost, matagal ko nang ka-exchange iyan sa Cyber Plaza Miranda ni Raissa Robles.

Siguro dapat alamin kung totoo iyong mga nasa posting na ito, at huwag paniwalaan kaagad ang lahat ng maganda tungkol kay Duterte.

O ano ngayon?

Ano ang mas maganda:

  • idevelop ang isang maayos na sistema ng batas, hustisya at pulis tulad ng nasa mga bansang moderno gaya ng Alemanya? o
  • umasa sa isang tagapagligtas na inaakalang Superman ng mga tao, pero maaring hindi rin o kaya tipong warlord pala?

Ang isa pa:

  • Davao siguro maaring nakaya ni Duterte. Kabisado niya itong lugar niya, baka kaya pa niyang idesisyon kung sino ang nasa listahan niya, kung meron man.
  • Pilipinas maraming isla, ang daming tao. Baka hindi na niya mahawakan ang mga taong gagawa para sa kanya. Baka marami pang mga madamay na inosente.

Hindi madaling gawan ng solusyon ang sitwasyon na nasa pangit na. Pero baka mas malaki pa ang side effects ng solusyon na biglaan at hindi kontrolado. Pag-isipan sana ito.

Irineo B. R. Salazar, München, ika-26 ng Nobyembre, 2015

38 comments to Seguridad ni Duterte

  • http://www.sunstar.com.ph/manila/local-news/2017/05/16/pnp-eu-vows-provide-aid-phs-anti-drug-campaign-542176

    I did mention that the Hanns Seidel Foundation, a German based NGO, has been giving assistance to the PNP and supposedly we have training this year but it was cancelled because of the 60 percent reduction of their support from the previous year,” said Siervo.

    “I asked them if they can influence the government of Germany to reconsider and reinstate their support to the said foundation with the Philippines, they took cognizance with that,” he added.

    … first of all: “pakiusap” via Brussels to Berlin is useless, go straight to Berlin if ever.

    … second thing: Hanns-Seidel Foundation is based in Munich, Bavaria – not in the Federal capital of Berlin. It is close to the ruling party of Bavaria, the Christian Social Union

    (third – I am happy that this program was cancelled for now, as it would also be my taxes as a resident of Bavaria that would be used for questionable purposes in the Philippines)

  • http://joeam.com/2016/03/29/rodrigo-duterte-and-the-appointed-son-of-god/#comment-168454 – two postings just after the other show a lot.. the first from Davao Today, second from Gen Manlosa… the main article is about strange stuff around Quiboloy who is close to Duterte…

    What Gen Manlosa writes and I reposted (link to FB original is there as well) corroborates Parekoy’s original and anonymous account – for the first time I am seeing a journalist posting stuff that jibes with it IN HIS FULL NAME… Full repost of that coming up but first the essence of the first link from Davao Today…

    ———————————————————————

    DAVAO CITY — Slain anti-communist broadcaster Juan ‘Jun’ Porras Pala Jr. must be turning in his grave.

    In a political rally held in Bankerohan toward midnight early this week, Davao’s tough-talking mayor, Rodrigo Duterte, lashed out at Pala, a famously outspoken broadcaster who endlessly criticized Duterte on the air.

    ‘Ah, patay na diay? Kanus-a? (Ah, he is dead? Since when?)’ Duterte mockingly asked the crowd, referring to Pala. Pala was killed in 2003 on his way home after playing cards with his neighbors. His case is one of the many cases of slain journalists, mostly radio broadcasters, whose killing remain unsolved. To learn more about Pala’s case, click here (PDF).

    ‘Kinsa nagpatay? (Who killed him?)’ Duterte, his mocking tone unchanged, told the Bankerohan crowd, as a weak strain of laughter eerily floated in the orange glow of the streetlamps late in the night. Duterte was suspected of being behind Pala’s murder but no charges were ever filed against the mayor.

    Duterte was trying to justify his choice of running mate in his 28-year-old daughter, Sara, a lawyer, when he launched the diatribe against Pala. (See related story.) He said he was forced to let his daughter run to protect the city against former protege turned political rival Benjamin de Guzman, whom he described as ‘corrupt’ and who, in the past, allegedly launched personal attacks against Duterte and his family.

    Known for his strong stance against drugs and criminals, Duterte said Pala had been de Guzman’s mouthpiece, whose attacks against him on the air had gone below the belt.

    Duterte has been known to show some degree of tolerance toward the media, ‘as long as they keep their hands off my personal life,’ he once warned.

    Pala, an anti-communist crusader who also ran for mayor when Duterte first sought the post in 1988, had once supported Duterte. Duterte had also been in good terms with Pala before politics turned their friendship sour.

    —————————————————

    Full repost of Gen Manlosa’s FB posting

    —————————————————

    OF MAYOR DUTERTE

    This is my own piece to the sudden surge of Duterte fans, Please respect my own view based on my long stay in Davao City. Kudos to my friends in the media in Davao City—specially Peter Lavina, Dodong Solis, Edith Ging Z. Caduaya, Bay Tonyo, Charles Raymond Maxey and others in the Duterte camp who were part of my media career in Davao City since my stay there in 1989. (Just let me visit Malacanyang Media Center once you will be there, hehe).

    I was a young reporter then beating police reports in the early morning until midnight and stay vigil for more extended hours waiting for scoop.

    I stayed in Ulas where my beat was Talomo Police Station and moved to Maa then in Bucana at the heart of the City. A young police reporter became radio commentator and sometimes wrote in the opinion pages in some weekly and daily papers. I’m into politics but I’m not a politician.

    Duterte was already the mayor when I arrived in Davao City.

    Although I don’t like Duterte-style of governance for so many reasons, I too would be so very proud if he will land at the Malacanyang in 2016.

    Let me cite some that I don’t like his management that hopefully would change should he be our next president:

    1. His government list infrastructure as not his priority. Davao City’s good roads are all DPWH projects. We should understand that Davao City is not just confined to the business center along Magallanes to Bajada to R.Castillo. Look at Paquibato and Marilog districts, these places seemed not part of Davao City when in fact they are. The Duterte government did not provide good roads and even foot paths to the poor. If ever there was maybe a far cry from real “malasakit”, just a token for the sake of “mere project”.

    I am a living witness to the poor city workers who would remove their shoes and socks walking in dirty and muddy path ways along Bucana. The trike and “habal-habal” drivers who would curse the muddy and deplorable interiors of our city. Until these roads were cemented thereby making the poor people there walk comfortably. Thanks to the Congressmen who gave the poor good pathways and better roads. The Mayor was busy with his peace and order program then. And we know that money is huge in that program without the strict scrutiny of the Commission on Audit (COA).

    Actually until now infra is seemed far from his mind. A recent visit there made me shocked seeing the very old City Engineering building still being used. The very old city hall ceilings are falling at the side and I don’t know if the floors are already repaired “kay murag mabwasot” man ta ato. Actually I have asked my friend councilor Danny Dayanghirang about these things during our masteral class and he answered ” infra is useless when the stomach of your people is shaking”. I don’t totally submit.

    Davao has no place to hold big events—boxing, national sports, concerts and others. Almendras gym—the only government gym is not Duterte project, it was there when he became mayor. This despite of our boasts of having the worlds biggest land area.

    GMA documentary shows showed some teachers and poor pupils and students walking difficultly in going to schools daily negotiating rivers, ravines, and hills in Paquibato and Marilog districts. When I was with Manila Broadcasting (DXGO) then we will pass Panabo City in Davao Del Norte in going to Paquibato which is part of Davao City because the city has not provided humane road for the poor people there. And we know Duterte’s friend the late NPA Commander Parago was living there.

    Davao City Bus Terminal is one of the worse one can visit in the country. Yes in the level of a first-class city. You will be made to disembark in the narrow road at the back in rain and in shine. Poor passengers will brisk at the rain and watery road. One passenger even heard saying “asa bang malasakit sa mga leader dire?” Terminal surroundings are not clean and full of shanties you can’t determine the purpose. Airport is good, but that’s not a City Government project.

    Traffic is worse in Panacan and Tibungco where vendors tribe in the sidewalks and also in Matina. One would comment that: these people must have no respect with simple laws and of their political leaders here”. And traffic in Davao City has been there for so many years of Duterte administration. How to solve it must be one of his priorities before going into the traffic problem in Metro Manila.

    2. Peace and Order: Yes I was part in my little way, in the propaganda that Davao City is champion in peace and order. Yet for almost 3 decades we know that Duterte has been and still in his “killing spree” of alleged drug addicts and users. How many years will it take for him to complete his program? Remember a president has only 6 years, unless he’ll change that radically. During his infant years in the office, he really was not good at that. in 1993 San Pedro Cathedral was bombed. Sasa airport and pier were bombed as will.

    During his stay the Broadcasters Jun Pala and Ferdie Lintuan were assassinated. Brgy Captain Jun Villarte was killed, even Councilor Galope, and many more were assassinated, murdered and killed who were non-illegal-drug-related. And what was it? Actually I’m a fan of him saying criminals and drug-addicts must die, but how about the others we knew simple and good men who’s only mistake were talking negatively about his administration?

    Their deaths were actually a signal that those who will speak negatively of Duterte’s administration will die. I’m afraid in that so as many of our colleagues there. So many broadcasters and media people must join the Duterte bandwagon or leave the city. That’s why in Davao City many media people are afraid to speak against Digong. And that’s reality.

    If he is really serious in his anti-illegal drug drug campaign, in his many years in office and as Regional Peace and Order Council Chairman, he must have known the source of shabu. Many of us in the media know where shabu came from as told by our friends in the police and military. How much more with him? And we know that Davao City has been the rest and recreation place of these rich illegal drug-masterminds, and why not kill them once and for all? why not stop the source and neutralize the masterminds rather than going after the small shabu vendors and peddlers for almost 3 decades?

    Duterte is not actually that “matapang” as many non-Davao residents perceived him to be. We know that and please do not refute if you have not stayed in Davao for at least 10 years.

    In his mouth you would hear him “putang-ina” wag kayong pumasok sa Davao kung may mga armas kayo!… But the Ampatuans and other armed Muslim politicians made Davao City their kingdom. They would enter the city with so many armed civilian-bodyguards in tow. Duterte was and is silent, or nowhere to be found in his office.

    As a mediaman, I covered 2 instances where an armed muslim-politician’s relative would pull a gun at the Venue— a night club in the city. And yes there was death. One relative of a muslim-politician even went to Davao Medical Center to end the life of a wounded young man he failed to kill at the Venue. Yes inside the famous hospital. And Duterte was mum and never dip an angry finger to these bloody events. And many commented that he was just so afraid to confront a famous muslim political warlord.

    And these comment also goes with his friendly gesture with the armed NPA’s. He was so afraid to face the wrath of the NPA should he “putang-ina” with them.

    And one more instance, an elementary teacher at the Ateneo grade school went to Duterte to complain a gun-totting bodyguard of a Muslim politician in Maguindanao. She said she just stop a child from walking somewhere outside the school. When the bodygurad saw this, he pulled a gun and point at the teacher who was shaking cold in fear. And believing that Duterte is so “matapang” to protect a civilian like her and would gave justice to her nerve-shaking experience, he went to the mayors office and confess all. She never heard a positive response from him except : “sige kakausapin ko”. Thats all nothing less nothing more.

    And where in the cities in the Philippines that boasts of their excellent peace-and-order program that bus commuters will be made to disembark in going the city with armalite-wielding para-military inspecting using their naked eyes? Peaceful places like Tokyo and Singapore has no armed police in site. Cebu City residents came and live the city without seeing armed para-military roaming in the City. If a chief executive believed in the peace in his place then he will will not spend millions of pesos in arms and armed people roaming his place like a Garrison. Respect to the leader I believed will make a place peaceful rather than in Fear.

    Many non-Davao City residents where made to believed that Duterte made Davao City a better place from being notorious as killing field. That was when the communist movement was in its full-swing. Thanks to the Alsa Masa and the police like former Colonel Calida and the battalion of Army then. The communists that made the City a killing field were driven out of the city even before Duterte become a mayor.

    And yes when Digong become mayor he befriended the communists Commanders and provide them with provisions so they will not muddle in Davao City. That one move I think is good to save him from trouble. And we in the Media will sing that: “Digong is good in peace-and-order…that NPA are also his constituents that he is also a mayor to them and to all…”. A smoke-screen of a coward who is afraid to confront a group that massacred women and children in Davao Del Sur. No “putang-ina” to them.

    Untill now you cannot hear his “putang-ina” to the Maguindanao Massacre where many Davao-based Mediamen where killed. No “Putang-ina” to the Chinese incursion of our territory. No “Putang-ina”to the kidnappings and beheadings committed by Abu Sayyaf. No “Putang-ina” to the killers of the SAF 44″. Hope he will “putang-ina” to them should he will be in Malakanyang.

    3. Environment Programs. As a reporter then, I asked Duterte about the illegal logging in the City’s mountains places. He answered, “wala nang mapuputol dahil ubos na ang kahoy”. And he has no plans about it. Hope he will look into it when he become President.

    Davao City is actually a host of power plants that endanger the environment. Power plants that were already dismantled by other countries. Maybe he can do better about it when he will be in Malakanyang.

    Lastly if you ask me if I will still vote for Duterte then I would say yes if i have my way. Yes because he has the ability to convince the nation that he is the best among the Presidentiables. A very difficult job even to the best PR man in the country. He is the only presidential candidate that has a clear program and direction. A kababayan in Cebu and in Davao City.

    But I have to abide with our Church’s unity.

    And I am more than happy if Duterte will become president because of his own credit and merits and not the exaggeration of the things he failed and or did not do. He has implemented perfectly the Smoking ban, the Firecracker ordinance, the speed limit and the initiative of establishing 911 and mostly for being true and candid to himself. Good luck Mayor! The future President!

    • Mariano Renato Pacifico

      Weird. I FEEL SAFE IN DAVAO CITY THAN IN MANILA! I feel safe in Toril. I am more safe in Agdao. I can hang-out in Magsaysay Park for all I care at peace with the world. My uncles would whack me if they found out I went to next door Bolton Riverside Isla after school at Agro. This time, they maybe at Isla having a drink with the low-class Isla denizens.

      DAVAO CITY IS NOW PEACEFUL. If it were not for the Dutertes no businesses would ever dare puut up offices and chain stores.

      Duterte is the best Mayor Davao City has had ever had. Duterte is the best thing that ever happened to Davao.

      • sure, that is even quite possible… but the other witness account does not have to be totally wrong…

        something makes me think of this person: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/sep/13/rio-favel-master-nem-of-rocinha-drug-lord-champion-of-the-poor – the indications that Duterte is coddling big-time gangsters and warlords even the NPA has all indications of a pragmatic approach not exactly like the one in Brazil but maybe similar:

        The only person who would lend him the money was the then boss of the favela, and to pay back the debt, Bonfim had to leave his job and begin work for the cartel. Over the next few years, he became the most powerful and successful drug lord in Rio.

        After his arrest, I wrote to Nem in prison and asked if he would speak to me. He agreed. The story that emerged was fascinating: once he reached the top, Nem was, in effect, mayor, police chief and director of the chamber of commerce for a community estimated at 100,000 residents. With the receipts from the cocaine trade, he ran a business that supported nearly 1,000 people. He also channelled some of his profits into a basic welfare state. He could do this because he paid close attention to accounting and budgetary matters.

        “The food baskets and the support we gave to extracurricular school activities, such as the Thai boxing or capoeira classes, were all accounted for as part of our business expenses,” he explained. “But the burials, prescription costs or if anyone who couldn’t afford it needed gas, these were all extra payments.”

        In the absence of any regular police, law was maintained by 150 armed men, most in their teens and early 20s. But while the man known locally as Mestre, or master, decided over life or death, he usually opted for the former. Under his rule, homicide rates dropped by more than two-thirds.

        This was part-calculation, part-intuition. Rocinha was so profitable for the cocaine trade because it is surrounded by the three richest areas of Rio – Leblon, São Conrado and Gávea. By turning Rocinha into the safest and most attractive favela in Rio, business boomed. “He was not a man of violence,” said Detective Bárbara Lomba, who led the three-strong team that patiently investigated the Rocinha drugs operation for four years. “He had a policy of avoiding confrontation wherever possible and of not facing down the police. Rather the opposite, he was in contact with them in a corrupt relationship.”

        Nem’s policy paid off. Rocinha became a fixture on the tourist route; Brazil’s biggest pop stars such as Ivete Sangalo and Claudia Leitte were happy to include the favela on their tours, boosting their popularity with Brazil’s poor. Politicians including former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and the current incumbent, Dilma Rousseff, were keen to tour, as were members of Brazil’s national football side. Above all, the youngsters from the surrounding middle class areas went to buy coke.

        • Mariano Renato Pacifico

          What is the priority to make Philippines change? Benigno sent rascals to jail if he failed he demolished them in public thru usual legal channels like DOJ and Ombudsman and phyrric hollow Senate Inquiry.

          Second, the first priority of Duterte if he becomes president is make our kababayans understand Crime Does Not Pay thru carrot and stick. This is where Duterte fits in. If carrot does not work, stick it to them.

  • Pardon me again if I share another piece of my dad. We are talikng about seguridad, I would want to talk about Security Sector Reform on the civili military relations
    ==========

    SECURITY SECTOR REFORM: CIVILIAN CONTROL OF THE MILITARY

    ​The National Security Adviser of the new administration, in a 24 August keynote address before a forum at NDCP on the challenges and prospects of promoting national security, presented the strands of the national security policy to include security sector reform (SSR). Civil-Military Relations (CMR) is a vital aspect of national security policy and civilian control and military professionalism are its critical variables. (1) SSR promoted by western European countries and the northern American hemisphere focus on democratic control of the armed forces (DCAF) to promote democratization in new and emerging states and/or older ones transitioning from military intervention in politics. (2)

    ​But DCAF came earlier in many terms not necessarily democratic, liberal, or civilian. Sun Tzu and Clausewitz have taught that the soldier is the servant of the state. The US Constitution did not explicitly invented the term or its equivalent but the fears of a “standing army” by its framers led to a separation of powers intended to obviate either the executive or the legislative from exercising control of the military without checks and balance. (3) So did the RP 1935 Constitution that was patterned from the US model.

    ​The doctrine came in various forms with unavoidable nuances. Here it is recently called democratic civilian control perhaps to be distinguishable from the “democratic” control or the lack of control of the PLA by the communist party, or plain “civilianism”. It is also civil supremacy or supremacy of civil power. (4) It came to the Philippines explicitly in the 1935 National Defence Act which was Commonwealth Act No. 1 in the declaration of principles as “civil authority” over the military. How it became, before and after, civilian authority, civilian supremacy, or civilian control in countries including the Philippines will be discussed as historical backdrop later.

    ​The transmutation from civil to civilian may have started in 1957 when the guru Samuel Huntington published his magnum opus “The Soldier and the State: The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations”. Note that it was Civil-Military Relations. The ubiquitous civilian came via his concept of “objective civilian control” as a way out of his dilemma on how civilian authority could “maintain control it needed to have a way to direct the military without infringing on the prerogatives of the military world and thus provoking a backlash”. (5) This was in contrast to his “subjective civilian control” that could be illustrated in the Philippines from the control exercised by President Marcos to President Arroyo. Huntington believed that that the more “objective civilian control” the more military security. Civilian control then is “the independent variable for the subsequent dependent variable of military effectiveness”.

    ​If civilian control then is the critical variable then how would it be determined or shaped? How, would be subsequently propositioned by Janowitz in 1960 and other theoretician of the classic liberal school and modern democratic political thinkers such as Feaver and Schiff among others. (6) Their commonalities and differences would necessarily be useful to be a part of this study. But the seminal work of Huntington stood out.

    ​Civilian control said the guru is shaped by a “functional imperative stemming from the threats to society’s security and a societal imperative arising from the social forces, ideologies, and institutions dominant within the society”. Military institutions, that is dominant in a society when not the most dominant, may be “incapable of performing effectively their military function” if it only reflect the societal imperative. (7) On the other hand,” it may be impossible to contain within society military institutions shaped purely by functional imperatives”. (8) That conflict Huntington resolved by the principal focus of civil-military relations on the relation of the officer corps to the state. (9) Civilian control then is the control of civilian authority over the officer corps. His answer to that problem is military professionalism that is a dependent variable of civilian control. ​

    ​ Our own guru, Carolina Hernandez, suggested that our civilian authority must “learn how to harness the powers granted by the 1987 Constitution”. (10) Father Bernas, a constitutional expert, stressed that our Constitution provided for civilian authority and not civilian supremacy and that authority can only come from law. Civilian authority may learn that the concept of military subordination/insubordination to the state came much earlier than Eisenhower and much earlier than the return of MacArthur, although MacArthur had been an earlier bad example. A missing review from the Spanish liberal constitution of 1869, to the Biaknabato Constitution, and to Malolos Constitution would be instructive would highlight the contribution of the men in uniform to the liberalism of democratic control of the armed forces. .

    Civilian Control, as postulated by Richard Kohn, must have four foundations to include the rule of law, accountability of the military, countervailing power to the military, and military role in enhancing civilian control mentioned above. (10) The rule of law includes the accountability of civilian authority to the Constitution and the People. The recent statement of President Aquino that “the ultimate Commander in Chief is the people” was pregnant with meaning that has relevance to the 1987 People Power Constitution.

    ​The change of command from PGMA to PBCA or PNOY is not any less momentous than the celebrated change from President Marcos to President Aquino, the mother, on civilian control. Marcos “civilian control” was touted to be constitutional by the 1935 Constitution and prospectively by the 1973 Constitution if not democratic when it may be but a palace coup, presidential-military conspiracy, or a military-presidential complex. Aquino’s “civilian control” was beset with military intervention, that other reasons notwithstanding, may be but coups to return the Marcos military-presidential complex.

    ​PGMA “civilian control”, the “subjective civilian control” of Huntington, actually notoriously emanated from an extra-constitutional ouster of President Estrada in which execution his Vice President Macapagal admittedly participated. It was understandably characterized by “pandering to the military”, the promotion of general twice the number of Marcos’ with much lesser troop strength, ships, and aircraft, the “revolving door policy” for the CSAFPs, executive issuances to limit the exercise of civilian authority by Congress, etc.

    ​In the last two months of his rule, last two-minutes if you please, “xxx”.

    ​Immediately after his proclamation by Congress ​

    il-Military relations (CMR) is a “boutique industry” since 1957, when the guru Samuel Huntington wrote “The Soldier and the State: The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations although hardly in the Philippines. It is not similar to civil relations, the ostensible mission of the AFP Civil Relations Service (CRS), nor do CRS claim CMR instead.

    ​The classical model or models of Huntington have been visited quite abroad by Janowitz, Finer, Kohn, and Feaver to mention a few, in agreement or disagreement, but his definition of CMR, actually an explanation, stayed quite elaborate than mine that is: Civil-Military Relations is the relation between the civilian and the military.

    ​Huntington started his magnum opus with a “definition”: “Civil-military relation is one aspect of national security policy”. But he defined said policy by its aim – “to enhance the safety of the nation’s social, economic, and political institutions against threats arising from other independent states”. It may be noted that after fifty years the dimensions have multiplied to the “point of intellectual incoherence” but actually the three classical dimensions were but expanded. Then threats from non-state actors came with a bang.

    ​To the forms of security policy, external, internal, and situational, he asserted to contain an operational and institutional level. Institutional policy deals with the manner in which operating policy is formulated and executed. Finally we arrive closer: “Civil-military relation is the principal institutional component of military security policy”.

    ​The imperative of CMR is that the military institutions of any society, Huntington continued, are shaped by a functional imperative stemming from threats to society and societal imperative arising from “the social forces, ideologies, and institutions dominant within the society”. The proper balancing is imperative because the primacy of the functional imperative endangers liberty and the primacy of the societal imperative endangers security.

    The conflict between the two aforesaid imperatives comes to a head because the officer corps is “the active directing element of the military structure and is responsible for the security of society”, and “the state is the active directing element of society and is responsible for the allocation of resources among important valies including military security.”Thus the principal focus of civil-military relations is the relation of the officer corps to the state.

  • Thea

    When I saw Romania before EU inclusion, I saw our country. The scars of dictatorship in their economy and morality. I should say,the economic wound perhaps has slowly been cured but not the mind/mental state of the people. I compared not the place but the people. Romanians and the Filipinos have great similarities. Corruption,poverty,drugs, prostitution,street crimes,unemployment. You name it,they have it. Yes, their women work as domestic helpers too in the neighboring countries. I saw a lot of men drunk after work. Yes, if we have lambanog,they have vodka. Some are pa-utak too during work,like us. They have churches full every Sunday. What differs them from us is this. There is no such Duterte promising dictatorship to solve the present problems. You hear it, Romanians will NEVER go back to dictatorship. Are we, Filipinos will make our own death pit? Are we going to tell the world,specially these Romanians (and Eastern Bloc countries) that our EDSA Revolution(1986)a mistake and embarrassment than a pattern to their VELVET Revolution(1989)? A peace-loving people with a Duterte as president? Are we insane?

    @ Ireneo B. R. Salazar

    Sir, tomorrow Dec. 12,2015 is the European Film Awards in Berlin. A film on the life of a Romanian family “Toto so Surorile”(Toto and his sisters)will be shown. I have read a review about it and it is without imagining a scenario in the poor sectors of Manila. Since you are there, can you watch and give us your own view/enlightenment about it? Or perhaps, a link? Thank you

  • TRUE DDS

    Your article is totally misleading. You are no longer a citizen of our motherland. You dont know what you are talking.

    Why are u taking information that is not credible?

    If you want to see DUTERTE in his way of DEMONTRATION as a LEADER, just look at DAVAO CITY current transformation.

    I WILL ASSURE YOU DUTERTE WILL BE THE NEXT PRESIDENT IN 2016, remember this.

    • I am similar mixture like Senator Alan Cayetano and Digong’s children, and my citizenship status is none of your business, but I never needed to make any oath like Grace Poe. Besides once Digong is President, anybody worldwide will be writing about him – so consider me an international journalist with Filipino background.

      I did not say that Parekoy told the truth… but that I have doubts it is true that Davao City is THAT safe – could be people are afraid to talk openly. It has turned out that the Numbeo Survey is not reliable saying you are 9th safest in the world. It has turned out that Davao City is nowhere in the Economist list of the world’s safest cities – this is a British source I believe more than Numbeo where anyone can click. PNP stated that Davao is the 4th most dangerous city in the Philippines. So I have every reason to be skeptical about things.

      So I am not saying anybody is anything… but I think some legends must be questioned if they are too good to be true. Dachau was originally opened for criminals and misfits in the early 1930s. Most neighbors complained about the stench, and stopped complaining when it was dealt with… For decades after the war women went to Munich to give birth.. for the child not to have Dachau as birthplace. I live in Munich and made this poem a few days ago, and this is my answer to your invitation, TRUE DDS:

      Shall I dare to open my mouth,
      To speak of cities in the South?
      For I have never been to Dachau,
      nor have I ever went to Davao

      Dachau for me is very near,
      yet still it holds for me great fear,
      to board the S2 suburban train,
      so will it be Davao in the rain?

      Shall I go face the DDS
      Who remind me of the SS
      Now that my name is openly known
      and I may reap what I have sown?

      Besides the German sources I am citing are definitely more reliable than any source in the Philippines. The Bavarian State Police are the right people to teach the PNP something which is descended as an institution from the formerly abusive PC. The State Police here in Munich is descended as an institution from the police in the city that was known as the “Capital of the Movement” – meaning National Socialism. They have learned about human rights while remaining efficient – kung saan kayo papunta pabalik na sila.

      Rules of engagement in all situations – to avoid escalation and still bring subjects to justice efficiently. Gathering of real evidence to prove cases in court. All of this is proven in the links of the Hanns-Seidel Foundation of the CSU political party, that they are teaching this to PNP, better do things the right way instead of Wild South methods. Also the Bavarian State Police have rules of engagement for the “final rescue shot” in extreme hostage situations. Clear shot, clear identification and no civilians moving, abort if ordered to avoid collateral damage. Yes, they also know how to kill if needed, but they do not kill unnecessarily, and this one exception of the “final rescue shot” was heavily discussed when it was introduced. And rules of engagement mean that unnecessary shoot-outs are avoided which can cause new problems. Because every person you hurt or kill unnecessarily has relative and friends. And they could become enemies of the state.

      http://davaotoday.com/main/politics/rody%E2%80%99s-war/ – and in this interview from 2005, Digong indirectly admit this: But what about the children? Many of those killed were minors.(Stammers.) That’s a collateral social problem. It becomes a collateral itself. Its not a question of crime anymore. That’s what makes things difficult. Well, that is another problem. I cannot answer that. – now even if you approve of extrajudicial killing, that collateral damage is simply too much. Munich is close to former Yugoslavia. I know people who have killed in the civil war there which was similar or worse than in Mindanao. Also I know a lady from Davao whose uncle was a professional killer – this is a personal source whom I consider honest. She told me how they once aborted a killing under a bahay kubo when they heard children’s voices. People from Yugoslavia who were involved told me that even for killers there are rules.

      Plus this international source: http://www.japanfocus.org/-David-McNeill/3174/article.htmlThey came to kill her children one by one. First was Richard in 2001, then his brother Christopher. Bobby was taken from her the following year, and Fernando in 2007. Now Clarita Alia lives in fear that Arnold, her last remaining son is next. And far from protecting her shattered family, it is the police who are behind the killings, she says.

      “The police said, ‘We will take your sons one by one,’” recalls the 54-year-old grandmother at the graveside of her murdered brood in the southern Philippines city of Davao, the largest city in Mindanao. “They may kill me too, but I am not afraid to die. I’m already old.”

      Now if Digong is willing, I will interview him here in Munich to get HIS side… and show him a really safe city.

      • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dachau_concentration_camp

        Dachau concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau, IPA: [ˈdaxaʊ]) was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in Germany, intended to hold political prisoners. It is located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory southeast of the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, in southern Germany.[1] Opened in 1933 by Heinrich Himmler, its purpose was enlarged to include forced labor, and eventually, the imprisonment of Jews, ordinary German and Austrian criminals, and eventually foreign nationals from countries that Germany occupied or invaded. The Dachau camp system grew to include nearly 100 sub-camps, which were mostly work camps or “Arbeitskommandos,” and were located throughout southern Germany and Austria.[2] The camps were liberated by U.S. forces on 29 April 1945.

        Prisoners lived in constant fear of brutal treatment and terror detention including standing cells, floggings, the so-called tree or pole hanging, and standing at attention for extremely long periods.[3] There were 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands that are undocumented.[4]

        Hitler: “The very first essential for success is a perpetually constant and regular employment of violence!”
        Duterte: “If you are doing an illegal activity in my city, if you are a criminal or part of a syndicate that preys on the innocent people of the city, for as long as I am the mayor, you are a legitimate target of assassination.”

        Hitler: “Today I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator.”
        Duterte: “I could make this sacrifice if only to save this country from being fractured!”

        Hitler: “I use emotion for the many and reserve reason for the few.”
        Duterte: “A leader must be a terror to the few in order to protect the lives and well-being of the many who are good.”

  • gubatvoces

    I’ve lived in Davao for more than 60 years now. Corrupt just like other cities. You have to bribe city hall just to get your business permit. buy fire extinguishers from the fire inspectors man. give gifts to city hall officials, councilors, judges, police, etc every Christmas to avoid being harassed. When you’re caught for a traffic violation just give P200 and your ok. say anything critical and before you know it you, and your business is harassed and given a hard time. He and his goons are just like Neo Nazis and Marcos and his goons.San Miguel Corp. decided to put their plant outside the city boundary years back because they found the bribes they had to pay too much. ICTSI of Razon who runs the Davao port has decided not to rebid for the Davao ports when their contract expires next year. ICTSI will relocate to Cagayan de Oro City instead and develop the port there making it the major port in Mindanao. the Davao port will no doubt be given to one of Duterte’s businessman supporter.

  • To give context – this article was written to find out if Duterte is what he claims he is, EVEN if one has no problems with extrajudicial killings – I personally think they were appropriate during the “Nicaragdao” period of Davao but not today anymore, but the disrespectful even threatening (on FB) tone of some his followers has not exactly endeared me to him. I from my vantage point doubt that he can deliver for the Philippines, and I originally was sympathetic to him. Now I have also been called “yellow” by some. Actually I am what they call “black” in Germany: conservative. Now if there were a clean and truly democratic right-wing traditionalist party in the Philippines I would be in favor of it, but the only somewhat clean and somewhat democratic party in the Philippines today happens to be the Liberal Party. The rest I am not yet convinced. I would have given Duterte a chance if the tone of his supporters had not reminded me of Neonazis. And believe me, living in Germany I know what these folks are about. Who is to say that Duterte supporters will not just shout down, ridicule and intimidate people like they do now, but also start beating up and killing people arbitrarily once their idol is in power? What if a person likes the color yellow and is wearing a yellow shirt, and meets a group of drunken Dutertistas in a dark alley? Is this the kind of safe place the Philippines is going to become? Seguridad ba, sigurado ba, o siguro lang? My article asked a question, the answer is clear NOW.

    • Madlanglupa

      Having watched Amazon’s version of The Man in the High Castle, and having read history for a long time, yes, I find the parallels rather chilling.

      Seeing that he’s running a single platform on a single issue, I seriously doubt he’ll look at other pressing matters, of providing the basic needs of the average Filipino, but clearly he’s not and his sheeple fans — minions, really — are literally worshiping him, overriding all other concerns including freedom of speech and movement and human rights, even drawing fanart about him or some popular anime character violently destroying the other candidates.

      He and Trump would literally make the world a more harsh place to live in.

Leave a Reply

You can use these HTML tags

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>