“The first duty of a man is to think for himself”. Jose Marti, Cuban 19th-century patriot with the same first name as another famous 19th-century patriot

This article (link) explains why I started this blog. My name is Irineo B. R. Salazar. I am a Filipino-German. This blog is about learning more about the Philippines. For all of us who are interested.

There are now three further authors who have joined: Bill in Oz who is with a Bikolana, Manong Sonny who lives in the USA, and Karl Garcia who lives in the Philippines. Some topics are:

Philippine history

There is luckily a lot about Philippine history on the Internet. The original idea was to give a summary of Philippine history for laymen. This is what we have now:

Introduction: Quo Vadis Philippines – a summary of history and the first article in this blog, asking where the Philippines is now, is going and where it came from.
Philippine History Part I – Territory – the country in my opinion was only a territory until early 1800s, run via Mexico, interesting mainly for the galleon trade.

Philippine History Part II – State – Section 1, Founding Fathers – while the Spanish started building more of a state, some Filipinos began to get ideas of a nation.
Philippine History Part II – State – Section 2, Enter America – America took over what the Spanish had begun – achieve real state control over the islands.
Philippine History Part II – State – Section 3, Philippine Commonwealth – America coached and supported the Filipinos in creating their own nation.

Philippine History Part III – Nation – Section 1, The Republic – the independent Philippine Republic struggled through the postwar years.
Philippine History Part III – Nation – Section 2, Marcos Period – a leader who started out as a hope for many became reviled by many.
Philippine History Part III – Nation – Section 3, Post-Marcos Period – is about the terms of Corazon Aquino and Fidel Ramos.

Philippine History Part IV – Teleserye. Edsa Again, 1998-2004 is about the terms of Estrada and the first term of Arroyo.
Philippine History Part IV – Teleserye. I’m Sorry, 2004-2010 is about the second term of Arroyo.
Philippine History Part IV – Teleserye. Edsa Traffic, 2010-2016 is about the term of Aquino.

Philippine History Part V – Ngayon – Manila Still Stands was written one day after President Duterte’s and Vice President Robredo’s separate inaugurations.

There is a series on McArthur by guest author Bill in Oz:

Manong Sonny has written about the initial stages of the development of the Commonwealth Army until 1935, the second installment shall be about 1935-1942.

Seven Filipino Generations is about mapping history to personal and family experience – essential to making it more relevant to people.

Thirty Years ago and A Nation forms are about history in the making – the historical period I call “Ngayon” or the extended Filipino now.

Kasanayan sa Gyera ni Sun Tzu

The lack of strategic thinking evidenced in what happened at Mamasapano inspired me to look at Sun Tzu’s Art of War again – and translate it into a readable form of Filipino:

Chapter 1 – Paggawa ng Plano
Chapter 2 – Tungkol sa Gyera
Chapter 3 – Paghandang Lumusob
Chapter 4 – Taktika para magtagumpay
Chapter 5 – Lakas
Chapter 6 – Puntong Mahina at Malakas
Chapter 7 – Pagmamaniobra
Chapter 8 – Paiba-ibang Taktika
Chapter 9 – Ang Puwersang Nagmamartitsya
Chapter 10 – Iba’t-ibang Lugar
Chapter 11 – Siyam na Sitwasyon
Chapter 12 – Ang Atake sa Pamamagitan ng Apoy
Chapter 13 – Paggamit ng Espiya

To learn any form of strategy – especially with China looming at the horizon – studying the ancient master of Chinese strategy makes a lot of sense.

Political Philosophy

This aspect I started to develop since late 2015. Here are some of the matters that I have dealt with:

Philippine Development

Since I have been abroad for a while, but have lived in the Philippines, I have been looking for answers on how the country could develop itself better:

Karl Garcia has written a number of articles: Serving the Community and the Environment, More on Community – Police, Doctors, Schools and Initial Wish List of possible laws and measures. Cooperate or Collapse (on regional cooperation) and Uncluttering a System (on focused decentralization) are my responses to Karl’s bottom-up and top-down ideas, to find a bridge somewhere.

Karl’s article The Filipino mix: IPs and regionalism is about the ethnic and cultural mix that is the Philippines. My article Naga and Davao is about two major aspects of native Filipino culture. Speaking in Tongues is about communication in such a diverse country. A Common Denominator is about what is needed. Power versus Rules is about naked power versus real rules in society. Securing Children’s Futures and Changing the Countryside are about vital aspects of national development, Subsidiarity, Solidarity, Humanity about the vital balance needed in any society.

Philippine Politics

There are a number of other articles, but these are the ones I consider the most important at the moment.

Irineo B. R. Salazar, München, 4 February 2016 and ongoing. Last update on 1 May 2017